Literature References

Authorssort descendingYearTitle
W. M. Kier1991Squid cross-striated muscle: the evolution of a specialized muscle fiber type
W. M. Kier1989The fin musculature of cuttlefish and squid: morphology and mechanics.
W. M. Kier1988The arrangement and function of molluscan muscle, pp. 211-252.
W. M. Kier1987The functional morphology of the tentacle musculature of Nautilus pompilius, pp. 257-267.
W. M. Kier1985The musculature of squid arms and tentacles: ultrastructural evidence for functional differences.
W. M. Kier1983The functional morphology of the musculature of the arms and tentacles of cephalopods.
W. M. Kier1982The functional morphology of the musculature of squid (Loliginidae) arms and tentacles.
W. M. Kier1992Hydrostatic skeletons and muscular hydrostats
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Short communication mechanoreceptors in the fins of the Cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Mechanoreceptors in the fins of the cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Mechanoreceptors in the fins of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis.
W. M. Kier1987The functional morphology of the tentacle musculature of Nautilus pompilius
W. M. Kier, Schachat F. H.1991Biochemical comparison of fast-contracting tentacle and slow-contraction arm muscle of squid
W. M. Kier, Smith A. M.1990The morphology and mechanics of octopus suckers.
W. M. Kier, Smith K. K.1985Tongues, tentacles and trunks; the biomechanics of movement in muscular-hydrastats
W. M. Kier, Smith K. K.1985Tongues, tentacles and trunks: the biomechanics of movement in muscular hydrostats.
W. M. Kier, Smith, K. K., Miyan, J. A.1991The fins of Sepia. A test of the muscular-hydrostat model, pp. 296-297. [Abstract]
W. M. Kier, Smith, K. K., Miyan, J. A.1989Electromyography of the fin musculature of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis.
W. M. Kier, Stella M. P.2007The arrangement and function of octopus arm musculature and connective tissue
W. M. Kier, Van Leeuwen J. L.1997A kinematic analysis of tentacle extension in the squid Loligo pealei
R. M. Linsley, Kier W. M.1984The paragastropoda: A proposal for a new class of Paleozoic Mollusca
C. G. McNair, Kier, W. M., LaCroix, P. D., Linsley, R. M.1980The functional significance of aperture form in gastropods
K. Smith, Kier W. M.1989Trunks, tongues and tentacles: Moving with skeletons of muscle.
J. T. Thompson, Kier W. M.2002Ontogeny in squid mantle function: changes in the mechanics of escape-jey locomotion in the oval squid, Sepioteuthis lessoniana Lesson, 1830
J. T. Thompson, Kier W. M.2001Ontogenetic changes in mantle kinetics during escape-jet locomotion in the oval squid, Sepioteuthis lessoniana Lesson, 1830
J. T. Thompson, Kier W. M.2001Ontogenetic changes in fibrous connective tissue organization in the oval squid,Sepioteuthis lessoniana Lesson, 1830
J. L. Van Leeuwen, Kier W. M.1997Functional design of tentacles in squid: linking sacromere ultrastructure to gross morphological dynamics
I. D. Walker, Dawson, D. M., Flash, T., Grasso, F., Hanlon, R. T., Hochner, B., Kier, W. M., Pagano, C. C., Rahn, C. D., Zhang, Q. M.2005Continuum robot arms inspired by cephalopods
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith