Literature References

AuthorsYearsort descendingTitle
C. G. McNair, Kier, W. M., LaCroix, P. D., Linsley, R. M.1980The functional significance of aperture form in gastropods
W. M. Kier1982The functional morphology of the musculature of squid (Loliginidae) arms and tentacles.
W. M. Kier1983The functional morphology of the musculature of the arms and tentacles of cephalopods.
R. M. Linsley, Kier W. M.1984The paragastropoda: A proposal for a new class of Paleozoic Mollusca
W. M. Kier, Smith K. K.1985Tongues, tentacles and trunks; the biomechanics of movement in muscular-hydrastats
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Short communication mechanoreceptors in the fins of the Cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Mechanoreceptors in the fins of the cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
W. M. Kier1985The musculature of squid arms and tentacles: ultrastructural evidence for functional differences.
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Mechanoreceptors in the fins of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis.
W. M. Kier, Smith K. K.1985Tongues, tentacles and trunks: the biomechanics of movement in muscular hydrostats.
W. M. Kier1987The functional morphology of the tentacle musculature of Nautilus pompilius
W. M. Kier1987The functional morphology of the tentacle musculature of Nautilus pompilius, pp. 257-267.
W. M. Kier1988The arrangement and function of molluscan muscle, pp. 211-252.
K. Smith, Kier W. M.1989Trunks, tongues and tentacles: Moving with skeletons of muscle.
W. M. Kier1989The fin musculature of cuttlefish and squid: morphology and mechanics.
W. M. Kier, Smith, K. K., Miyan, J. A.1989Electromyography of the fin musculature of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis.
W. M. Kier, Smith A. M.1990The morphology and mechanics of octopus suckers.
W. M. Kier1991Squid cross-striated muscle: the evolution of a specialized muscle fiber type
W. M. Kier, Schachat F. H.1991Biochemical comparison of fast-contracting tentacle and slow-contraction arm muscle of squid
W. M. Kier, Smith, K. K., Miyan, J. A.1991The fins of Sepia. A test of the muscular-hydrostat model, pp. 296-297. [Abstract]
W. M. Kier1992Hydrostatic skeletons and muscular hydrostats
W. M. Kier, Van Leeuwen J. L.1997A kinematic analysis of tentacle extension in the squid Loligo pealei
J. L. Van Leeuwen, Kier W. M.1997Functional design of tentacles in squid: linking sacromere ultrastructure to gross morphological dynamics
J. T. Thompson, Kier W. M.2001Ontogenetic changes in mantle kinetics during escape-jet locomotion in the oval squid, Sepioteuthis lessoniana Lesson, 1830
J. T. Thompson, Kier W. M.2001Ontogenetic changes in fibrous connective tissue organization in the oval squid,Sepioteuthis lessoniana Lesson, 1830
J. T. Thompson, Kier W. M.2002Ontogeny in squid mantle function: changes in the mechanics of escape-jey locomotion in the oval squid, Sepioteuthis lessoniana Lesson, 1830
I. D. Walker, Dawson, D. M., Flash, T., Grasso, F., Hanlon, R. T., Hochner, B., Kier, W. M., Pagano, C. C., Rahn, C. D., Zhang, Q. M.2005Continuum robot arms inspired by cephalopods
W. M. Kier, Stella M. P.2007The arrangement and function of octopus arm musculature and connective tissue
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith