Literature References

Authorssort descendingYearTitle
W. M. Kier1991Squid cross-striated muscle: the evolution of a specialized muscle fiber type
W. M. Kier1985The musculature of squid arms and tentacles: ultrastructural evidence for functional differences
W. M. Kier1985The musculature of squid arms and tentacles: ultrastructural evidence for functional differences
W. M. Kier1982The functional morphology of the musculature of squid (Loliginidae) arms and tentacles
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Mechanoreceptors in the fins of the cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
W. M. Kier, Messenger, J. B., Miyan, J. A.1985Mechanoreceptors in the fins of the cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
W. M. Kier1987The functional morphology of the tentacle musculature of Nautilus pompilius
W. M. Kier, Schachat F. H.2008Muscle specialization in the squid motor system
W. M. Kier, Schachat F. H.1991Biochemical comparison of fast-contracting tentacle and slow-contracting arm muscle of squid
W. M. Kier, Smith A. M.2002The structure and adhesive mechanism of octopus suckers
W. M. Kier, Smith A. M.2002The structure and adhesive mechanism of octopus suckers
W. M. Kier, Smith A. M.1990The morphology and mechanics of octopus suckers
W. M. Kier, Smith A. M.1990The morphology and mechanics of octopus suckers
W. M. Kier, Smith K. K.1985Tongues, tentacles and trunks: the biomechanics of movement in muscular-hydrostats
W. M. Kier1988The arrangement and function of molluscan muscle
M. S. Stella, Kier W. M.2005Specialization for fast contraction in the tentacle muscle of the cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis
M. P. Stella, Kier W. M.2004The morphology and mechanics of octopus arms: Inspiration for novel robotics
M. P. Stella, Kier W. M.2004The morphology and mechanics of octopus arms: Inspiration for novel robotics
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith