Estimation of spawning habitats of market squid (Doryteuthis opalescens) from field surveys of eggs off Central and Southern California

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2012
Authors:L. D. Zeidberg, Butler, J. L., Ramon, D., Cossio, A., Stierhoff, K. L., Henry, A.
Journal:Marine Ecology-an Evolutionary Perspective
Date Published:Sep
Type of Article:Article
ISBN Number:0173-9565
Accession Number:WOS:000306842400007
Keywords:Cephalopoda, chokka squid, Doryteuthis (Loligo) opalescens, field surveys, growth, hypoxia, LIFE-CYCLE, LOLIGO-VULGARIS-REYNAUDII, Monterey Bay, operated vehicle, oxygen, remotely, respiration, size, squid eggs, waters

Like many other loliginid squid, Doryteuthis (Loligo) opalescens deposits egg cases on the ocean floor. Depending upon temperature, egg cases may persist for 5-12 weeks before the paralarvae hatch. Because of this relatively long duration and squids pelagic life history, egg cases provide a practical life stage to survey. During 2001-2002, squid egg beds in Monterey Bay, Carmel Bay, and around the California Channel Islands were surveyed using a remotely operated vehicle with the goal of delineating the habitat of egg beds that are spawned during active commercial fishing. Egg cases were highly aggregated and densities reached 1338 capsules m-2. Squid eggs were significantly shallower in Central California. Egg cases occurred between 20 and 93 m around the Channel Islands, and in Central California they were between 13 and 61 m. The temperatures in both regions were similar (1012 degrees C), with some eggs in Southern California found up to 14.4 degrees C. Ninety-five percent of eggs were found on sand, suggesting that temperature and substrate are stronger behavioral cues than depth to stimulate spawning. Suitable spawning habitat was defined by three criteria: sandy benthic substrate, temperatures between 10 and 14.4 degrees C, and depths between 20 and 70 m when the first two criteria hold. Additionally, within this defined area, oxygen concentration is quantified. The greatest commercial landings of market squid occur in both Central and Southern California during a time of year when water temperatures of 10-12 degrees C are prevalent in the 20-70 m depth range.

Short Title:Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp.Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp.
Alternate Journal:Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp.
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