Ethics and invertebrates: a cephalopod perspective

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2007
Authors:J. A. Mather, Anderson R. C.
Journal:Diseases of aquatic organisms
Volume:75
Pagination:119-129
ISBN Number:0177-5103
Keywords:Animal Welfare: ethics, Animals, Aquaculture: ethics, Awareness: ethics, Behavior, Animal, Cephalopoda: physiology, learning, Pain: veterinary
Abstract:

This paper first explores 3 philosophical bases for attitudes to invertebrates, Contractarian/Kantian, Utilitarian, and Rights-based, and what they lead us to conclude about how we use and care for these animals. We next discuss the problems of evaluating pain and suffering in invertebrates, pointing out that physiological responses to stress are widely similar across the animal kingdom and that most animals show behavioral responses to potentially painful stimuli. Since cephalopods are often used as a test group for consideration of pain, distress and proper conditions for captivity and handling, we evaluate their behavioral and cognitive capacities. Given these capacities, we then discuss practical issues: minimization of their pain and suffering during harvesting for food; ensuring that captive cephalopods are properly cared for, stimulated and allowed to live as full a life as possible; and, lastly, working for their conservation.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith