Oceanic squid do fly

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2013
Authors:K. Muramatsu, Yamamoto, J., Abe, T., Sekiguchi, K., Hoshi, N., Sakurai, Y.
Journal:Marine Biology
Volume:160
Pagination:1171-1175
Date Published:May
Type of Article:Article
ISBN Number:0025-3162
Accession Number:WOS:000318002900012
Keywords:behavior, fish, flight, jet propulsion
Abstract:

Using powerful jet propulsion, some squid species are able to exit the water and become airborne; this is a common behavior seen throughout the world's oceans. However, direct scientific observation is rare, with most studies relying on anecdotal evidence and limited photographic documentation. Here, we examine the flying behavior of young oceanic squid (Ommastrephidae) observed in sequential photographs taken in the Northwest Pacific (35(o)34.0'N, 146(o)19.3'E) on July 25, 2011. We define four phases in the flight process: launching, jetting, gliding and diving. During flight, squid actively change their aerial posture and attitude depending on the flight phase and their distance from the water. The present study demonstrated that flight of squid is not simple gliding after incidental exit from the water, but involves jet propulsion, generation of lift force and control of different body postures in different flight phases, which have evolved to enhance escape from predators.

Alternate Journal:Mar. Biol.
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