|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2010|
|Authors:||T. Akasaki, Nikaido, M., Nishihara, H., Tsuchiya, K., Segawa, S., Okada, N.|
Five tRNA-derived short interspersed repetitive elements (SINEs), named SepiaSINE, Sepioth-SINE1, Sepioth-SINE2A, Sepioth-SINE2B and OegopSINE, were isolated from the genomes of three decabrachian species [Sepia officinalis (order Sepiida), Sepiotheuthis lessoniana (suborder Myopsida), and Mastigoteuthis cordiformes (suborder Oegopsida)], by random sequencing and genome screening. In addition, two tRNA-derived SINEs, named IdioSINE1 and IdioSINE2, were further detected from EST (expressed sequence tag) data of Idiosepius paradoxus (order Idiosepiida), using a GenBank FASTA search with a conserved sequence of the SepiaSINE as the query. All the isolated SINEs had a common and unique highly conserved 149-bp sequence in their central structures (Sepioth-SINE2B and IdioSINEs, however, had a continuous 73-bp deletion in the conserved region.), and are therefore grouped as the fourth SINE superfamily "Ceph-SINEs", following the CORE-SINE, V-SINE, and DeuSINE superfamilies. Our analysis suggested that the central conserved region called the "Ceph-domain" might have originated before the diversification of cephalopods (505 myr ago). A sequence alignment of Sepioth-SINE1, Sepioth-SINE2A, and Sepioth-SINE2B demonstrated that Sepioth-SINE2A has a chimeric structure shared with two other SINEs. The above relationship suggests possible template switching in the central conserved domain during reverse transcription for the birth of Sepioth-SINE2A, providing the possibility that the presence of the conserved domain contributed to yield a variety of SINEs during evolution. Furthermore, the distributions of the isolated SINEs showed that order Sepiida, suborders Oegopsida and Myopsida, and order Idiosepiida have their own independent SINE(s), and suggest that order Sepiida can be largely separated into two groups, with clarification of the phylogenetic relatedness between subfamily Sepioteuthinae and the other loliginid squids. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.